The disease

Economic losses related to ileitis

Economic losses related to ileitis


Based on a survey of swine veterinarians, the value of productivity losses and increased animal health costs in pigs affected by ileitis in the finishing phase was estimated to be USD4.65 per marketed pig.

Based on results from case-control and experimental challenge studies, the value of productivity losses caused by ileitis in the finishing phase ranged from USD5.98 to USD17.34 per marketed pig.The cost of the variation in growth caused by ileitis makes it more difficult to feed and market pigs, this adding to the cost of the disease.

The money spent on animal health interventions, such as vaccines, antimicrobials, veterinary services and diagnostics must be weighed against the benefit of reducing the productivity losses caused by ileitis.

The Disease

L. intracellularis is a gram-negative rod with a sigmoid or curved shape and with a single long flagellum.

Not much is known about the epidemiology of L. Intracellularis.

L. Intracellularis has specific infectious mechanisms, and generally appears in the growing and finishing stages.

The signs of ileitis in pigs are diverse, and include hemorrhagic or acute, chronic and subclinical.

Diagnosing ileitis involves considering four important factors

Ileitis outbreaks must be treated immediately to reduce losses

The best preventative option for ileitis depends on the specific farm

The indications are that nearly all pig populations are susceptible to Lawsonia Intracellularis

The ban on antimicrobial growth promoters in the EU affected the kinetics of the infection in different pig diseases

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